The Evolution and Domestication of Cats: From Working Cats to Cuddle Buddies – Katzenworld


Evolution and domestication are complicated and still largely mysterious concepts when it comes to cats. Much is known about the evolution and domestication of dogs, but far less so when it comes to their feline counterparts.

From Working Cats to Cuddle Buddies.

Dogs have long been known for their usefulness to humans, particularly for hunting and protection as early as 25,000 years ago. In contrast, the first cats to work with humans, as early as 10,000 years ago, began the road to domestication by ridding homes—and later, ships—of rats. When agriculture began spreading around the world, so did granaries and large stores of food, both of which brought mice, and by extension, felines. These expert four-legged hunters were handsomely rewarded for their efforts by farmers and storage owners.

Often, cats show their affection by proximity, not necessarily close physical interaction. As a general rule, wild or feral cats don’t enjoy being picked up—let alone cuddled—and they are not typically social creatures. From an evolutionary standpoint, cats needed to overcome this to be domesticated and brought into the fold of human households. Most animals, including cats, just want to stay safe, and living with humans is usually an easy way to do that.

Did Humans Domesticate Cats, or Was It The Other Way Around?

It may come as a surprise, but domestication is an extremely rare occurrence in nature. In fact, cats are still only partly domesticated compared to dogs. This largely explains the common trait of independence and aloofness in cats—most are happy to spend time alone. Dogs? Not so much.

Cats, for the most part, domesticated themselves. The selective breeding of cats only began about 200 years ago. The majority of the cat population comes from feral and outdoor cats choosing their own partners rather than breeding with cats that humans have chosen for them.

Generally, cats changed very little during their domestication, and remain very similar in behaviour and appearance to their wild ancestors—with a few notable examples. There are two theories when it comes to cat domestication. Either today’s feline ancestors were deliberately selected for their friendliness and companionship, or they were simply tolerated due to their usefulness in eradicating vermin. In all likelihood, it was a combination of these two that led to the cats we know and love today.

A member of the ExcitedCats.com veterinary team, Dr Lorna Whittemore, explains there are “12 distinct groups of cats worldwide, and these populations have led to around 24 genetically distinct breeds. Humans selected for desirable traits, resulting in another 20–30 breeds to cater for different preferences in modern pet cats.”

Cinnamon The Abyssinian.

In 2007, scientists sequenced the genome of an Abyssinian cat named Cinnamon in the hopes of uncovering more answers. While this was a largely incomplete sequencing and was primarily conducted to better understand hereditary diseases, when paired with a recent second gene sequencing, scientists uncovered interesting results regarding feline domestication.

By pairing the results with the sequencing of other domestic cats and wildcats compared to that of tigers, dogs, and other mammals, the study found that while domestic cats retain many of the hunting and sensory traits of their wild cousins, they have become more adapted to human interaction—even on a genetic level. Lower levels of fear around humans and the creation of a closer physical relationship with people have rewarded felines from an evolutionary standpoint, and that change could be seen even in the evolution of their genetic makeup.

The Benefits of Domestication.

It’s fascinating to discover that science proves cats had an evolutionary incentive to be cuddled, petted, and groomed by humans. No matter how aloof modern domestic cats may seem, cuddling was, and still is, in their best evolutionary interests!

Dr Whittemore further explains that the “natural selection of cats that are more amenable to human companionship has enabled them to reap the rewards of this relationship; access to food, shelter, and safety. Humans have benefited greatly from rodent control, and now in modern-day life—a furry friend to snuggle up with.” It’s a win-win scenario that has seen success for years and will likely continue to evolve.

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Protecting Your Pets from Sunburn: Tips and Advice from a Vet Nurse – Katzenworld


Just like us, our furry family members can get sunburnt on sunny days – especially if they have a light coloured fur or a thin or patchy coat. And as with human sunburn, it can be painful to our pets, and the skin damage it causes has the possibility to lead to cancer.

However, there are ways to protect your pets from the sun’s harmful rays this summer as PDSA Vet Nurse Nina Downing explains.

“The most common places for pets to get sunburnt are their ears, nose, eyelids and tummy,” explains Nina. “And they are especially at risk if they are light coloured, so ginger or white, or have any thin fur or bald patches.”

Preventing sunburn

Nina says that if it’s sunny enough for you to need sun cream, your pet may need protection too. She advises:

  1. Keep them out of the sun at the hottest parts of the day, where possible. Avoid walking your dog in the middle of hot days when the sun is strongest – instead, stick to the mornings and evenings. And if it is an extremely hot day, sometimes it’s best to avoid walking them altogether on that day.
  2. Don’t allow your pet to sunbathe in direct sunlight. Make sure they always have access to plenty of shade – trees and shrubs make great shade for dogs and cats, and a blanket draped over part of their run is an easy way to create shade for rabbits and guinea pigs. Just always make sure they have good ventilation and a breeze flowing through if you are using a blanket over their run.
  3. Apply sunblock. Apply sunscreen to any areas where your pet’s fur is thin i.e. their nose, ear tips and tummy. Make sure the sunblock you are using is pet/child safe, SPF30 or higher, and waterproof. Apply at least 15 minutes before your pet goes outside, discourage them from licking it off, and remember to reapply as necessary.

Sunburn symptoms

“If your pet has already suffered with sunburn, symptoms you may spot are:

  • Redness
  • Crusting
  • Flaking
  • Itching
  • Blisters
  • Pain

Treatment and medication

“If you spot symptoms of sunburn in your pets, it’s important to know how to treat them,” Nina adds.

“Mild sunburn often heals within a few days. You can help to make your pet feel more comfortable with easy treatment at home. Use cold compresses to gently cool your pet’s skin using something like a flannel or towel that has been wet under a cold tap.

“If your pet has sunburn, it’s important to keep them out of direct sunlight until their skin has healed and use sunblock or sun protective clothing for those with exposed skin on their back or sides to protect their skin if they need to go outside.

“If your pet is very sunburnt, or appears to be in pain, you should contact your vet for advice immediately. They may offer treatment such as pain relief, anti-bacterial creams and a protective cone collar ”

PDSA is the UK’s largest vet charity providing a vital service for pets across the UK whose owners struggle to afford treatment costs for their sick and injured pets. For many vulnerable pets, PDSA is there to help when there is nowhere else for their owners to turn. Support from players of People’s Postcode Lottery helps us reach even more pet owners with vital advice and information.

Find out more here www.pdsa.org.uk

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WSAVA to Confront the Challenges of Antimicrobial Prescribing during Flagship ‘Shaping the Future’ Congress Session – Katzenworld


Thursday September 28 2023, WSAVA World Congress, Lisbon, Portugal

How to influence human behaviour to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the topic under the spotlight at this year’s WSAVA Shaping the Future session at WSAVA Congress. During the session, members of the WSAVA’s Therapeutics Guidelines Group (TGG) will confront the challenges of effective antimicrobial prescribing and highlight the resources available to aid practitioners in this area. They will also compare and contrast different approaches to antimicrobial stewardship, which are being taken in Europe, the UK and the USA.

WSAVA Congress takes place in Lisbon, Portugal, from 27-29 September with its annual Shaping the Future session addressing a key issue of global concern for the veterinary community. This year’s session, entitled: ‘Restriction, Enablement, Behaviour Modification: what is the best approach to improve antimicrobial prescribing?’ will take place on Thursday 28 September at 11.20 am. It will be followed by a panel discussion and a brief review of the TGG’s work to date presented by outgoing chairs, Dr Paulo Steagall and Dr Luca Guardabassi.

According to the TGG, different approaches are already in use to support effective prescribing. These include enablement interventions which provide prescribers with useful information, including guidelines and other educational resources, to support appropriate prescription. Restrictive interventions, in contrast, require prescribers to adhere to a set of rules via national legislation or local control measures.

During the session, speakers including incoming TGG Co-chairs Dr Fergus Allerton and Dr Jennifer Granick, will discuss common behavioural pitfalls in making appropriate antimicrobial selection choices; consider the role of legislation in improving prescribing practices and present examples of both restrictive and enablement approaches. They will also evaluate their outcomes to date and the evidence supporting their value.

The roles of the recently revised World Health Organisation Medically Important Antibiotic List; the European Medicines Agency List and the WSAVA’s own Essential Medicines List for Cats and Dogs will all be considered in terms of their impact on patient care.

Commenting, TGG member, Fergus Allerton, explained: “Veterinary antimicrobial stewardship is a key component of the One Health mission to address AMR yet the most effective ways in which to achieve reduced or optimized prescription are still unclear.

“In France and Germany, for instance, a restrictive approach is currently favoured while the EU has also recently introduced restrictions on the use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine. In contrast, in the UK and USA, a more enablement focused approach has been adopted. During our session we will explore how these different approaches are working in practice and what lessons can be learned. Gaining a better understanding of ways in which we can optimize prescribing is critical if we are to mitigate the threat from AMR and will enable us to support policy makers across the world who are urgently seeking strategies that will most successfully influence human behaviour in this area.”

Dr Fergus Allerton

The WSAVA Therapeutics Guidelines Group is working to ensure best practice in the selection and use of medicines including their quality, availability and responsible use in companion animals while engaging participation of stakeholders and the WSAVA Global Community under the concept of One Health. Its work is generously supported by Zoetis.

The WSAVA represents more than 200,000 veterinarians worldwide through its 115 member associations and works to enhance standards of clinical care for companion animals. Its core activities include the development of WSAVA Global Guidelines in key areas of veterinary practice, including pain management, nutrition and vaccination, together with lobbying on important issues affecting companion animal care worldwide.

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Preventing and Finding Lost Pets: Importance of Microchipping and High-Tech Gadgets – Katzenworld


Countless pet owners have felt the pain of their precious pet going missing—sometimes never to come back. In most cases, though, a lost pet is a largely preventable occurrence, and even if your pet is on the loose, there are thankfully an increasing number of ways to improve the likelihood of their safe return.

In most cases, pets become misplaced either due to instincts (a male going off in search of a female in heat, for example) or simply boredom from a lack of exercise and interaction. But unexpected events such as celebratory fireworks or severe storms can cause them to run away and get lost due to fear and anxiety.

Shockingly, a surprisingly high number of pets are also stolen from their homes every year—as many as 2 million annually in the US alone, according to the American Kennel Club. Around 1 in 3 pets becomes lost at some point in their lifetime, and only 15.8% of dogs and 2% of cats are reunited with their owners, according to the American Humane Association.

What To Do If Your Pet Goes Missing:

If your pet gets loose, the first thing to do is search the area where they escaped—ask neighbours and anyone close by if they’ve spotted your pet. If your pet has a microchip, it will be scanned if they’re are found or taken to a rescue organization, vet, or shelter. You can also preemptively call these local facilities and tell them your pet is missing and give them an accurate description of your pet in case they turn up at a later stage.

Dr Chyrle Bonk, a member of the veterinarian team at ExcitedCats.com, says that “by far the most successful and easy thing to help prevent pets from getting lost—and also, getting them home again—is having proper and current identification. This may be a tag on the collar, or better yet, a microchip.” In fact, many rescue shelters require that dogs and cats be both spayed/neutered as well as microchipped before they can be adopted by a new family. Bonk emphasizes that the chip technology is “a pet’s best chance at a ticket home.”

ExictedCats.com veterinarian Dr Lorna Whittemore adds that while microchips are a great idea, it’s essential to ensure that they work and are up to date. She encourages having your pet’s chip scanned by your vet post-implant as well as at each annual checkup to make sure it’s working properly. She emphasizes the importance of providing as many ways to reach pet owners as possible within the microchip database. “You’d be surprised by the number of pets who are microchipped but whose owners we cannot get hold of because of outdated contact information.” She notes that most forms offer plenty of space for multiple contact details. “Adding those of a trusted friend or family member (with their permission) as a backup can be useful too,” she recommends.

Dr Whittemore also stresses the importance of prevention in keeping your pets safe with a few key tactics: “Keep your cats inside for a couple of weeks after any big move, train them in advance to respond to a call or whistle, and neuter your pets to stop them running off in search of a mate.”

Are High-Tech Gadgets a Quick Fix?

New technology has made finding a lost pet easier and quicker than ever before. You can now purchase collars with tracking devices that connect to your smartphone, so you’re able to pinpoint your pet’s exact location thanks to GPD technology. There are also apps with facial-recognition technology that send out photos of your pet to vets, rescues, and shelters, and even apps that help reunite lost pooches with their owners by using the dog’s unique nose prints to help identify them.

Despite all this new tech, Dr Chyrle Bonk reiterates that “by far our best system for locating lost pets is microchipping.” Pet industry experts emphasize that any new tech be supplementary to the failsafe of microchipping, which remains the first and most important line of defence for lost animals.

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Bella & Duke Launches Magic Sprinkles: Premium Toppers for Cats and Dogs – Katzenworld


Magic Sprinkles is set to tickle the tastebuds and get tails wagging for every pet

Leading pet food and wellbeing brand Bella & Duke have launched a new exclusive premium topper to add to their 100% natural treats range for cats and dogs. Designed around the everyday needs of our four-legged friends, the new line of Magic Sprinkles focuses on providing variety, flavour and nutrition for even the fussiest of eaters.

Available in “Tantalising chicken” pet owners can simply sprinkle over their pets’ food for an extra tempting twist at mealtimes. Jam-packed with deliciousness, a little goes a long way with Bella & Duke’s Magic Sprinkles, simply one to one and half teaspoons is all that is required over regular meals.

The single protein ingredients are freeze dried to lock in nutrients, helping to support gut health and lock in flavours and aromas.

This brand-new product is set to put magic into mealtimes with irresistible flavour to treat your pets to restaurant quality meal times or even to tempt the fussiest of eaters to clean their plates. With Bella & Duke’s wellness approach to pets in mind, the company wanted to ensure that this new addition to their range also supported pet health. Magic Sprinkles are so much more than just a tasty topper, they contain inulin, a natural source of FOS. A small but mighty pre-biotic that encourages the growth of friendly bacteria in the large intestine to support overall gut health.

Magic Sprinkles can be ordered to complement pre-existing meal plans via a Bella & Duke subscription. Each subscription is delivered direct to your door, frozen to lock in essential nutrients, and in time for when you and your pet need your next batch of meals.

Mark Scott, co-founder of Bella & Duke said; “We always want to make mealtimes extra tasty for our beloved cats and dogs, so we’ve been working hard to develop our brand-new Magic Sprinkles which can be simply added to mealtimes without any hassle.

“Whether they’re a fussy eater or you’re looking to add a little more magic to meals, the sprinkle toppers are a guaranteed way of getting tails wagging and whiskers twitching.”

In addition to Magic Sprinkles, Bella & Duke offers over 15 types of 100% natural treats focusing on three major elements in our pets’ lives including treats & training, health and happiness and teeth & oral hygiene. Products range from venison treats, yak milk chews to bone broth and even rabbit ears which can be a fantastic source of fibre for dogs.

You can find out more about the nutritional benefits and Bella & Duke’s product offering at: www.bellaandduke.com

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Health Risks Faced by Cats: Study Reveals Differences Between Purebred and Mixed-Breed Cats – Katzenworld


A recent paper published in the journal VetRecord explored health risks faced by cats and uncovered notable variations in the disease rates between purebred and mixed-breed cats.

Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada, examined data from Agria Pet Insurance Company – the largest pet insurance provider in Sweden. The data encompassed information from insurance policies, insurance claims, as well as breed, age and sex data for about 550,000 cats.

The study revealed that purebred cats compared to domestic cross breeds were more likely to develop diseases in most disease categories. The disease categories where purebreds had the highest relative risk include:

  • Female reproductive issues
  • Heart disease
  • Complications from surgery
  • Lower respiratory infections
  • Immunological diseases

“This study’s findings provide important insight for cat owners, veterinarians, breeders and researchers, offering a comparative look at disease patterns in purebred cats versus mixed-breed cats,” said Dr. Barr Hadar, one of the paper’s authors and a researcher involved in the study. “Information on feline disease frequency and risk is a valuable tool that can help guide clinical decision-making, assist in monitoring and planning of breeding programs, educate cat owners and prioritize research. A more granular look into specific causes of morbidity would be beneficial.”

Surprisingly, the study also found that domestic crossbred cats were more likely to develop endocrine, skin and mobility issues than purebred cats.

“One of the potential explanations for this finding is that domestic cats might have greater access to the outdoors, leading to more injuries, skin and locomotive issues because they’re outside jumping and running around,” Hadar added.

He went on to say that other studies also have shown that certain purebred cats are at lower risk of hyperthyroidism and diabetes mellitus – the two main causes of endocrine disease in cats.

The team is currently analyzing the insurance dataset to develop predictive models, with the aim of implementing them in a clinical setting to forecast the likelihood of specific diseases in cats.

About Morris Animal Foundation
Morris Animal Foundation’s mission is to bridge science and resources to advance the health of animals. Founded in 1948 and headquartered in Denver, it is one of the largest nonprofit animal health research organizations in the world, funding more than $149 million in nearly 3,000 critical studies across a broad range of species. Learn more at morrisanimalfoundation.org.

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Essential Items for a Pet First Aid Kit | Advice from PDSA Vet Nurse – Katzenworld


With summer holidays in full swing, most of us would rather spend time outdoors and go on adventures with our pets. However, there are a few precautions all pet owners should take to make sure every outing is as safe as paw-sible.

Research conducted by leading vet charity, PDSA, found that 80% of owners don’t own a pet first aid kit and nine out of ten owners have no pet first aid training. Yet these could be crucial in case of an emergency, according to Vet Nurse Shauna Walsh, who has revealed the must-have items owners should be taking on every walk.

“Just like we have our own first aid kits, pet owners should have one with the items needed to treat smaller injuries,” said Shauna Walsh. “This is especially important if you plan on taking your furry family member out and about with you this summer. If you are taking any road trips with your pet, it can be helpful to keep a second one in the car too.

“Every first aid kit should include bandages, cotton wool, self-adhesive tape, and dressings which will come in handy for cuts and scrapes and allow you to treat them effectively. If your pet’s wound is small, carrying wound wash to help you flush the area can be helpful, as clean water might not be available when you’re out and about. However, if the cut is bigger, having these items with you in an emergency can help to stem any bleeding while you seek further treatment from a vet.

“In the summer we see a rise in ticks in the UK, so including a pair of tick tweezers in your first-aid kit could be useful. To ensure you remove the whole tick, grasp the tick as close to the skin’s surface as possible then pull up with a steady, even pressure. If you twist or jerk the tick, it is possible for parts to break off under your pet’s skin. If you think this has happened, it is best to seek advice from a vet.

“Stings and bites from insects, such as bees and wasps, are commonplace over the warmer months. Most bites and stings can be treated at home, providing they’re not severe or haven’t triggered an allergic reaction. In the case of bee stings, you may also try to pull the sting out with tweezers – but never try to squeeze it as it could make things worse. You can apply a cold compress to soothe the area.

“If your pet does show signs of an allergic reaction such as swelling or a rash, I’d recommend calling your vet for advice. Your furry friend may need medication to make sure their reaction doesn’t get worse and to keep them comfortable.

“Of course, make sure to assess every situation and do take your pet to see a vet even after doing first aid at home. Having these items available can help mitigate many emergencies and bridge the gap of time before you can get to a vet.”

PDSA Vet Nurse Shauna Walsh says a pet first aid kits should include:

  • Bandages
  • Blunt-ended scissors
  • Wound wash
  • Cotton wool
  • Tweezers
  • Tick tweezers
  • Wound dressing
  • Self-adhesive tape
  • Dressings
  • Vinyl gloves
  • Foil blanket
  • Antiseptic wipes
  • A blanket or towel to use as a stretcher.

To help pet owners who may be unfamiliar with pet first aid, PDSA has created a free first aid guide, packed with advice on how to treat most common injuries and illnesses, from heatstroke and burns to cuts and scrapes. To download, visit: pdsa.org.uk/pr-free-first-aid-guide.

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Why Are Cats Mesmerized by Cardboard Boxes? The Fascinating Connection Explained by Vets – Katzenworld


How many times have you found that you put an immense amount of effort into finding the perfect gift for a child, only to find them engaging more with the packaging it came in?

Most cat kids are quite similar. You scour the net to find the most stimulating, hi-tech, motor-skill-improving remote-control mouse, only to discover that your cat has usurped the cardboard box it was sent in and is now keeping guard from below deck. Sound familiar?

Why are cats so mesmerized by cardboard boxes? The question is more than fair, as fancy feathers and shiny plastic seem to fade into the background when a half-assembled piece of cardboard is anywhere in sight—but why all the fuss for such a banal box? Our vets at ExcitedCats.com confirm it’s more than just about personal taste or entertainment.

Dr Johnathon Roberts explains that many theories are at play when it comes to the love between a cat and its box, but surprisingly, the most studied theory centres around stress. “Many studies have shown the direct correlation between the provision of hiding places (in the form of boxes) and the reduction of stress levels in cats, especially during times of high stress such as moving or the introduction of new animals to the home.” Not only does stress affect your feline’s emotional wellbeing, it can also lead to immunosuppression and greater susceptibility to infectious diseases such as feline herpes virus and calicivirus.

Moving and cardboard boxes usually go hand in hand, so your cat’s conquering of packing supplies may not be all that shocking. But what about when things are pretty calm at home? What else drives kitties into the bowels of their favourite boxes? Dr Chryle Bonk also notes that the design of a box brings out a cat’s hunting instincts. “Cats like boxes because they are both predator and prey species.” She explains that felines like to be able to switch quickly between hiding in order to eventually pounce while still protecting themselves from larger potential threats. Dr. Paola Cuevas Moreno agrees. “Have you seen how sometimes when cats go into a box, they keep observing and studying their environment from the top or through a hole?” We’ve likely all seen this, shortly before our cats leap out to pounce on our innocent legs as we walk by.

Dr Bonk admits that cats aren’t always as stealthy as they presume to be, but boxes help by providing a feeling of invisibility. “Boxes and bags provide the perfect hideout for them to survey their territory without being seen (even though they sometimes have a tail, or their whole hind end sticking out of the box!).”

Dr Cuevas Moreno also adds that not only is a cardboard box is a decent heat insulator, it also offers precise boundaries in terms of territory—something cats are quite particular about. “Cats love to know what belongs to them, and the margins of a box give them a feeling of property with a clearly defined territory.” Plus, she adds, “A cat inside a box is not losing body heat as it would in the cold environment of a large room.”

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Flustered Felines: 5 Ways to Keep Your Cat Cool During a Heatwave – Katzenworld


Cats can generally be quite independent pets, but that doesn’t stop them needing a helping hand every now and then. Just like their big cat ancestors, they love basking in the sunlight, whether it’s outside in the garden or simply underneath a sunny window. You may have noticed, though, that after a time they need a break and seek out the shade or cooler surfaces like your kitchen tiles. When temperatures spike during heatwaves or the summer months, these refreshing, cooler spots can be harder to find. Here’s how you can help your cat stay cool whatever the weather.

Staying hydrated

During hot days, hydration is key. Despite this, cats generally don’t drink as much as we expect them to and instead get much of their water from their food. Dehydration is responsible for cats’ predisposal to urinary tract infections, though, so keeping up their water intake is still important (Animal Trust).

When they do drink water, cats can still be notoriously picky. Try to keep a good supply of fresh water on hand for your cat, as they may not drink any that’s been left standing overnight or too close to their food. It’s also a good idea to stick to wet food during warmer days rather than using dry kibble, as this can provide your cat with extra water without them having to drink it.

Similarly, our feline friends are well-known for their curiosity and so are often most intrigued by running water from taps or hoses. Not only this, but a continuous stream keeps the water moving, helping it to stay cool and fresh for longer. You can therefore encourage your cat to drink more by using a drinking fountain, which flows filtered water for them to lap up. Feeding products with stainless-steel tops can also be more hygienic and irritate your cat’s skin less than plastic.

Warm nights

When temperatures are high during the night, your cat’s bed or usual sleeping spot may become too hot for them (particularly igloo-shaped beds or ones made of thick, fluffy material). Wrapping an ice pack or frozen water bottle in a towel and placing this into their bed can help to cool them down overnight, without making them sleep somewhere different. Simply moving their bed to a tiled floor or elevating it above carpeted floors can also help keep it cool.

If your cat sleeps in an enclosed room, always remember to leave a window open — or the air conditioning switched on — to give them proper airflow throughout the night.

Outdoor cats

If you have an outdoor cat who loves nothing more than playing and hunting in the garden, be sure to have a reliable area of shade for them to rest in on hot days. Whether it’s under a table, tree, or garden umbrella, just like us cats need a break from the sunshine every now and then to avoid overheating.

It’s also wise to keep their water bowl or drinking fountain in the shade wherever possible, such as moving it away from a warm window that gets the sun all day. Next time you make yourself a cold drink, you could also drop a few ice cubes into their water to help it stay cooler for longer.

When the warm weather hits, you’ll likely be out soaking up the sun too: so, when using any sheds, greenhouses, or cars, check that your cat hasn’t wandered inside before shutting the doors. A prolonged time spent in these unventilated spaces on a warm day is very dangerous for your cat and could give them heatstroke.

Indoor cats

However, if you have an indoor cat then keeping them cool is just as important. If it’s not possible to open a window (for instance, if you live in a high-rise apartment), then be sure to keep air conditioning or a fan on for most of the day.

Grooming is also key for keeping cats cool, but particularly so for long-haired breeds, short-muzzled cats like Persians and Himalayans, and older or overweight cats, all of which are more vulnerable to overheating. Matted fur traps in more heat, so be sure to groom and clip your cat’s fur when necessary.

According to the RSPCA, long-haired cats should be brushed every day whereas short-haired breeds can be groomed weekly, so it’s worth investing in a grooming set designed for different shedding needs. When it comes to clipping, you can just trim the fur around the stomach to help keep their core temperature down.

Cold treats

Finally, a fun way to keep your cat happy in hot weather is to freeze their favourite creamy treats and make ‘cat pops‘. While you cool off with an ice lolly, why not give them their own? This is not only a welcome refreshment on a hot day but also makes their fresh, perishable treats last much longer.

“While we might welcome warmer days with open arms, they can be somewhat overwhelming for our four-legged friends. So, whether you have an indoor or outdoor cat, a long-haired or short-haired breed, it’s important to keep them safe and healthy in adverse weather.

“Providing proper hydration, shade, and airflow are just some ways to help your feline friend beat the heat. By keeping a few basic safety tips and handy tools in mind, you and your cat can stay cool and content during the upcoming heatwave this spring.”- Paul Trott, UK Marketing Manager at Catit

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Quenching Your Furry Friend’s Thirst: Pet Hydration Tips for Scorching Summer Heat Waves – Katzenworld


Are you a proud pet parent? Do you love your furry friend to bits? Of course, you do! Well, in that case, we’re sure you want to keep your precious companion happy and healthy, especially during the scorching summers we are seeing right now. That’s right, we’re talking about pet hydration!

Just like us humans, pets need to stay hydrated too. And trust us; they are counting on you to provide them with the life-giving elixir during these blistering heat waves that have been plaguing Europe and the USA. Wasting no time, let’s dive into the importance of proper pet hydration and how to ensure your furry buddies stay cool and refreshed.

First things first, water is your best friend when it comes to keeping your pets hydrated. Be it a dog, a cat, a rabbit, or even a hamster; water should always be readily available. So here are some tips from us pet-loving folks at Bluewater, a world-leading water purification and beverage company. Make sure to refill pet water bowls regularly, especially during hot summer days. Keep multiple water sources around the house so that your pets don’t have to go on a treasure hunt to quench their thirst.

Now, let’s talk about the importance of quality water. If you prefer drinking clean and fresh water, your pets deserve the same. Ensure that the water you provide is clean and free from any contaminants by using a water purifier like the ones from Bluewater, which come in various sizes based on the household size or clean water delivery rate. Our purifiers harness Bluewater SuperiorOsmosis™ technology, which cleans water faster and more efficiently than other reverse osmosis systems, while removing virtually all contaminants, including lead, microplastics, chemicals, viruses and bacteria. Let’s face it, you wouldn’t want your little friend drinking water that you wouldn’t touch with a ten-foot pole, right?

Here’s a nifty tip: if you notice your pet hesitating to drink water, try placing some ice cubes in their bowl. Pets often prefer cool water during sweltering weather, just like we do. It’s a simple trick that can make a big difference in ensuring they stay hydrated. Interestingly, did you know that pets can become dehydrated through sources other than just water? That’s right; some pets love to snack on fruits and vegetables. You can give your furry companion a few water-rich treats to supplement their water intake. Cucumbers, watermelon, and even some leafy greens can serve as tasty, hydrating snacks for your beloved pet.

Cute ginger cat looking up and waiting for food.

Now, let’s address some common misconceptions. Contrary to popular belief, giving your pet milk does not necessarily hydrate them. In fact, it can lead to an upset stomach and diarrhea, which is the last thing you want for your little buddy. Stick to water, folks, and save the milk for the kittens and puppies.

When it comes to outdoor activities, don’t forget to pack a water bottle and a collapsible bowl for your pets. Just like you get thirsty during walks or playtime in the park, your pets also need hydration breaks. Taking short breaks and offering them water will ensure they stay happy, healthy, and energized throughout the activity.

Last, watch for any signs of dehydration in your pets. Lethargy, dry gums, sunken eyes, and loss of appetite indicate that your furry friend may be dehydrated. If you notice any of these signs, it’s time to step up your hydration game and get your pet back on track.

So there you have it, folks! The key to pet hydration during scorching heat waves is straightforward but vital. Just remember to provide clean and fresh water, offer some hydrating snacks, and be mindful of signs of dehydration. By taking these simple steps, you can ensure your pets stay cool and refreshed, ready to tackle anything summer throws their way. And, like us, by staying hydrated, they’ll stay happy!

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